Arkansas Folk and Traditional Arts (AFTA) is a statewide public folklore program of the University of Arkansas Libraries, supported by the National Endowment for the Arts and working in partnership with Arkansas stakeholder organizations and individuals, including the Arkansas Arts Council and Arkansas State University.

While AFTA in its present form is a new program centered on folklife throughout the state, the mission and initiative itself is not new to Arkansas. AFTA is building on the existing legacy of folk and traditional arts programming built initially by the Arkansas Arts Council. This work was continued through the Texarkana Regional Arts & Humanities Council, and then later, the Arkansas Folklife Program located at Arkansas State University. Arkansas Folk and Traditional Arts honors the hard work and fieldwork built by its partners and predecessors.